Pedestrian Hit by a Car in a Parking Lot: Who’s Liable in Florida?

Accidents can happen anywhere, and unfortunately, parking lots are not exempt from the risks they pose. A pedestrian being hit by a car in a parking lot might seem like a rare occurrence, but it does happen more often than you might think. Whether it’s a bustling shopping mall, a busy grocery store, or any other place with high foot traffic, pedestrian accidents can have serious consequences. In the state of Florida, determining liability in such cases involves a careful analysis of various factors. If you or a loved one has been involved in a pedestrian-car accident in a parking lot, understanding your rights and the legal framework is crucial.

The Complex Issue of LiabilityPedestrian Hit by a Car in a Parking Lot: Who's Liable in Florida?

Parking lot accidents involving pedestrians can lead to complex legal battles. Determining liability in these situations can be challenging, as it requires establishing who was at fault for the accident. Liability generally hinges on negligence, which refers to failing to exercise reasonable care, resulting in harm to others. In the context of a parking lot accident, determining negligence becomes a key factor in assigning liability.

Factors in Establishing Liability

Several factors come into play when determining who is liable for a pedestrian being hit by a car in a parking lot:

Right of Way:

Pedestrians generally have the right of way in parking lots, especially in designated crosswalks. Drivers are expected to yield to pedestrians in these areas and exercise caution to avoid accidents.

Speed and Caution:

Drivers in parking lots should operate their vehicles at a reduced speed and be cautious of their surroundings. Sudden acceleration, failure to observe posted speed limits, and disregarding pedestrians can all contribute to accidents.

Distracted Driving:

Distracted driving is a significant issue in parking lots, with drivers often focused on finding parking spaces or using their mobile devices. Any behavior that diverts the driver’s attention can lead to accidents.


Both drivers and pedestrians need to maintain proper visibility. Drivers should clear their windows and use mirrors effectively, while pedestrians should wear visible clothing and stay within designated areas.

Weather Conditions:

Inclement weather can affect visibility and road conditions in parking lots. Both drivers and pedestrians should adjust their behavior accordingly to prevent accidents.

Obeying Signs and Signals:

Parking lots often have signs, arrows, and signals to guide traffic flow. Ignoring these instructions can contribute to accidents and impact liability.

Comparative Negligence in Florida

Florida operates under a comparative negligence system, which means that both parties involved in an accident can be assigned a percentage of fault. This percentage determines the amount of compensation each party can recover. For example, if a pedestrian was found to be 20% at fault for the accident and the driver was 80% at fault, the pedestrian’s compensation would be reduced by 20%.

Understanding the Importance of Safety

Parking lots are deceptively risky spaces where pedestrians and vehicles must coexist safely. While determining liability in the aftermath of an accident is important, it’s equally crucial to focus on preventing such accidents from occurring in the first place. Here are some steps that both pedestrians and drivers can take to enhance safety in parking lots:

Pedestrian Safety Tips:

Stay Visible: Wearing bright or reflective clothing can help drivers notice you more easily, especially in low-light conditions.

  • Use Designated Crosswalks: Whenever available, use designated crosswalks to cross traffic lanes. This gives you the right of way and alerts drivers to your presence.
  • Stay Alert: Avoid distractions like texting or talking on the phone while walking through parking lots. Being aware of your surroundings is essential for your safety.
  • Make Eye Contact: When crossing in front of a vehicle, try to make eye contact with the driver to ensure they see you before proceeding.
  • Walk in Designated Areas: Stick to sidewalks and pedestrian pathways as much as possible, and avoid walking in driving lanes.

At The Guzman Firm, PLLC, we understand the challenges you face after being involved in a pedestrian-car accident in a parking lot. Our skilled legal team is here to offer the support and expertise you need to pursue the compensation you deserve. We are committed to investigating the circumstances of your case, negotiating with insurance companies, and, if necessary, advocating for your rights in court.

Don’t let the complexities of liability deter you from seeking the compensation you’re entitled to. Contact The Guzman Firm, PLLC, today for a confidential consultation. Your road to recovery starts with a partner who understands the law and is dedicated to your well-being.

Contact us now and take the first step toward getting the justice and compensation you deserve.